Due to the increasing number of student athletes who are taking substances that purport to improve athletic performance "legally and naturally", the following guidelines should be adhered to prior to the recommendation, purchase, and distribution of ergogenic aids.
Hossler, P. and Kleinschmidt, D. and McCormick, M. and Starr, L. "Ergogenic Aids: The Athletic Trainer's Perspective", Roundtable, Sports Science Exchange, Gatorade Sports Science Institute. Fall 1991.
NCAA Memorandum, "Ergogenic Aids and Nutrition", July 1, 1991.
Peterson, M. and Peterson K. Eat to Compete A Guide to Sports Nutrition. Chicago: Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc., 1988.
Rosenberg, J. and Fuentes, R. and Davis, A. Allen & Hanburys Athletic Drug Reference. Durham: Clean Data Inc., 1992.
POLICY NO. 21:
ERGOGENIC AIDS AND NUTRITION
Athletes continue to search for that nutritional ingredient that will give them a competitive edge: thus, the concept of ergogenic aids has arisen. A nutritional ergogenic aid is defined as any substance or procedure that either improves or is thought to improve physical performance. An ergogenic aid may ostensibly act to help maintain a competitive body weight, increase body energy stores, enhance the biochemical reactions for energy utilization or prevent fatigue.
Commonly advertised nutritional supplements include vitamins, minerals, amino acids, special proteins and herb extracts. By far, the majority of studies have revealed that such ergogenic aids have little or no positive influence on exercise performance and that they may be physiologically detrimental to the athlete's well being. Nevertheless, performance enhancing dietary manipulations have been demonstrated. Examples include carbohydrate loading, use of carbohydrate and electrolyte solutions during prolonged endurance events, appropriate fluid intake and the intelligent selection and timing of precompetition meals.
When athletes consume a sufficient variety of foodstuffs to provide adequate calories, carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals, there appears to be no valid reason for consuming supplements if sound dietary practices are followed. Appropriate foods can be selected at grocery stores and supermarkets without restoring to purchases at drugstores or specialty shops. A possible exception is iron, which may have to be taken as a supplement by some athletes, but this supplementation should not take place unless a need for extra iron is documented by appropriate biochemical and clinical evaluation.
Proper nutrition like training, requires careful long term planning specific competitive objectives in mind. There are no shortcuts to sound nutrition and the use of suspected or advertised ergogenic aids will, in most instances, provide competitive advantage.
Buskirk, E.R. Some nutritional considerations in the conditioning of athletes. Annual Review of Nutrition. 1:319 350, 1981.
Fox, E.L., R.W. Bowers and M.L. Foss. The Physiological Basis of Physical Education and Athletics. 4th Ed. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown, 1988.
Lamb, D.R. Physiology of Exercise: Responses and Adaptations, 2nd Ed. New York: Collier Macmillan Publishers, 1984.
Wadler, G.I. and B. Hainline. Drugs and the Athlete. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co., 1989.
Wells, C.L. Women, Sport and Performance: A Physiological Perspective. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc., 1985.
Williams, M.H. Nutrition for Fitness and Sport, 2nd Ed. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown, 1988.
AMENDMENTS OR MODIFICATONS TO THE PROGRAM
The UNLV Department of Intercollegiate Athletics Drug Education, Testing Program may be modified or amended, with the approval of the President of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, prior to the beginning of each succeeding academic year. Such amendments or modifications shall apply to, and be effective for, all student-athletes in the UNLV intercollegiate athletic programs upon notice and acknowledgment by such student-athletes of the UNLV Department of Intercollegiate Athletics Drug Education, Testing and Treatment Program as so amended or modified.
PARTICIPATION BY NON-ATHLETES
Non-athletes who may wish to participate in a program similar to that described herein may do so by contacting the Program Director for referral for substance abuse treatment or educational programs. Those non-athletes wishing to participate in the drug testing phase of this program should also contact the Drug Program Coordinator. (The cost of drug testing shall be borne by the individual or the individual's sponsoring department requesting such testing.)
At the beginning of each academic year and before the student-athlete is allowed to train or compete, he/she will be expected to sign the Consent to Testing and Authorization for Release of Information Form.
UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, LAS VEGAS
INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETIC DEPARTMENT
NUTRITIONAL / DIETARY SUPPLEMENT POLICY
Adopted July 1, 2005
In accordance with the ADVISORY from the NCAA and with the current UNLV Department of Intercollegiate Athletic Department policy on Ergogenic AID and Dietary Supplements, the UNLV Department of Intercollegiate Athletics does not provide, endorse or approve nutritional or dietary supplements for use by student-athletes.
Accordingly, "many nutritional/dietary supplements contain NCAA banned substances. In addition, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not strictly regulate the supplement industry; therefore purity and safety of nutritional/dietary supplements cannot be guaranteed. Impure supplements may lead to a positive NCAA drug test. The use of supplements is at the student-athlete's own risk." (ADVISORY on Nutritional/Dietary Supplements, March 8, 2005)
Therefore, the student-athletes assume all responsibility for the use of nutritional or dietary supplements. IGNORANCE TO THIS RULE IS NO EXCUSE FOR A POSITIVE DRUG TEST. The NCAA subscribes to the Resource Exchange Center, REC, to provide confidential resource for student-athletes and athletics staff who have questions about nutritional/dietary supplements. The REC may be contacted at www.drugfreesport.com/rec or toll free at 877-202-0769. The password for internet access is ncaa1.
Should you have any questions or need additional information, student-athletes should contact their athletic trainer or team physician.